Với các học viên mới bắt đầu luyện thi viết TOEFL, các bạn sẽ thường gặp khó khăn trong việc hiểu cấu trúc bài viết và các kỹ năng để viết bài có sự liên kết chặt chẽ. Cô Jacqueline Gilbertson – giáo viên chuyên dạy TOEFL tại American Study sẽ cung cấp cho bạn một số phương pháp viết chi tiết cho từng trường hợp.
Với một đề viết như sau, các bạn hãy học hỏi cách triển khai ý của bài viết mẫu sau.
Which do you think is the best way for a student to make friends?
1) Joining a sports team
2) Doing community activities
I think that joining a sports team is a wonderful way to make friends. Members of a sports team are working towards a common goal and share at least one interest, so there is a greater chance that they will want to do things outside of the sport together as well.
Students on a sports team need to work together for a common goal, which is usually winning games against other teams. Therefore, it is best for the team if everyone works together and helps each other improve. To do so, it is necessary to talk and find out the strengths and interests of other members. In other words, communication is necessary for a team to succeed.
Communicating is the first step in becoming friends, because once the ice is broken, it is possible to extend the conversation to other areas of interest. Members of a sports team may be friendly to new players because they want the new person to be just as committed to the goal; success is only possible when members trust each other. Therefore, the need to work together encourages positive interactions.
To become friends, though, takes more than conversations; friends need to have interests in common. Members of a sports team have at least one interest in common, the sport. If it is a school team, then the students are about the same age and share the same school. From these starting points it is possible to find other similarities. Those similarities make it easier to become and maintain friends. For example, members of the team might go out for pizza after a game and talk about their performance, and people who are more alike will sit together and become friends. By contrast, two people with nothing in common could politely share a meal, but they will not pursue the relationship once the meal is over.
The other advantage of making friends in sports team is that the chances of other contact are greater. Members of a team may go to the same school or live in the same neighborhood. Therefore, it is possible to meet the friend outside of the sports activity, allowing the relationship to grow. Compare the opportunities of team members who live nearby to the opportunities of friends who live far apart. It is harder for people who can only meet once a year or so to establish a new, deep friendship. Even with new technology, a conversation will not be the same online as it is in person.
Therefore, joining a sports team is one of the best ways for a student to form new friendships. A sports team offers the opportunity to meet people with at least one similar interest who are all working towards a common goal. Sports team members need to meet regularly to practice, so they also live close enough to meet regularly outside of the sport. These factors are all essential for developing new friends.
Chúng ta có thể lưu ý một số cụm từ trong bài như sau:
1.A common goal: một mục tiêu chung
2. Be committed to: được cam kết
3. Positive interactions: tương tác tích cực
4. Be about: khoảng
5. Be alike: giống nhau, tương đồng
6. Pursue the relationship: theo đuổi mối quan hệ
7. In person: trực tiếp